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CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS

Overhead Crane Operator

Practical Exam

The following is an outline of the practical testing procedure, as provided to candidates at the time of testing.

CANDIDATE INFORMATION AND INSTRUCTIONS

The following sections describe the specific tasks you will be performing when taking the practical examination. It is important that candidate's understand these instructions. If there is anything you do not understand, please request clarification from the Examiner.

TASKS

The Four Tasks are:

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There is also a Pre-Test Briefing and a Pre-Test Familiarization Period. Candidate's will be required to complete all phases of the test in sequence.

The candidate must report to the test site at the scheduled time. Candidate's are required to bring personal protective equipment to wear during the test including as a minimum: hard hat, work boots, and suitable work clothing.

The Test Site Coordinator is responsible for setting the testing schedule. If you are familiar with the operation of the test crane, you may elect to test first to allow other candidates time to review the operator’s manuals and load charts. Otherwise, selection shall be by random drawing or by assignment of the Test Site Coordinator.

During the practical examination, you are under the direction of the Examiner and must follow the Examiner’s directions at all times.

Once you have completed all of the tests you are taking, you must leave the testing area. Only personnel involved in the administration of the test are allowed in the test area.

TIME LIMITS

For Task 1, Task 2, Task 3 and Task 4 an “optimum” time limit has been set. If the task is completed within this time period, you receive no time penalty.

Once you exceed this time limit, you will lose points on a gradual basis. If you take one and a half times as long as the optimum time, you will have lost all the points allotted to that particular task. The “optimum” time for each task is stated as part of the task descriptions. At two times the optimum time the Examiner will end the task.

PRE-TEST BRIEFING

While you are waiting to take your test you will have sufficient time to read this description of the tasks be performed and review the operator’s manuals for the crane you will operate. In addition, you will be informed of the make and model the crane, the boom length and the weight of the test load. You will also watch a short video showing all the tasks you will be required to perform during the examination.

Note that:

  • None of the target points have been placed at any point that exceeds the crane's rated capacity.

UNSAFE ACT

If at any time during the Pre-Test Familiarization Period or during the test, you commit an “unsafe” act, you will be disqualified from continuing with the test. Unsafe acts include but are not limited to the following:

  • Dropping the load hook, block, or Test Weight (on ground)
  • Contacting load or load line with pendant or pendant line
  • Uncontrolled or reckless operation
  • Failure to respond to a stop signal
  • Contacting an obstruction with crane or Test Weight
  • Load touching any part of the candidate’s body during the exam
  • Engaging the upper limit switch
  • Any action that in the judgment of the Examiner could endanger personnel or equipment at the Test Site

Note that you may not walk through the Right Angle Corridor at any time during the exam.

The Examiner has the authority to stop the test any time for reasons of safety or if the Examiner determines the candidate is attempting to circumvent any task. Please ask the Examiner or proctor you have questions.

If you are disqualified due to an unsafe act, your case will be reviewed by IAI and CCO, and you will be notified as to your eligibility for rescheduling your practical test.

CANDIDATE ID AND SIGNATURE

Prior to beginning the examination, the Examiner will ask you for a government-issued photo identification such as driver’s license.

The Examiner will ask if you have read the Candidate Information and Instructions and will answer any questions you may have. He/she will review with you the weather conditions and ask you to sign indicating that you understand the instructions for the test and that you agree with the Examiner’s assessment of the weather conditions.

WEATHER CONDITIONS AND EQUIPMENT PROBLEMS

For outdoor tests, the Examiner will use an anemometer to check the wind speed and then will record the weather conditions on the score sheet.

The Examiner has the responsibility to determine if weather conditions or equipment problems are such that a test needs to be suspended. If the test is interrupted due to weather conditions or equipment problems, the procedure for restarting is as follows:

  • You will resume the test at the beginning of the task you were performing at the time of the interruption.
  • You will be entitled to a Pre-Test or Pre-Task Familiarization period before resuming the test.
  • If you resume the test on a different machine, you will have the option of starting the entire test over from the beginning.
  • If the testing is delayed to a different day, the test must be restarted from the beginning.

PRE-TEST FAMILIARIZATION PERIOD

  • You will be allowed five minutes to familiarize yourself with the crane and to examine anything on the crane that you feel is necessary to operate it comfortably.
  • You will be allowed to get the feel of the controls and run the crane through its functions. The brakes and other devices will have been set according to the crane manufacturer’s recommendation.
  • You may not interfere with the test course, lift the Test Weight, or shadow the Right Angle Corridor.
  • You must finish the Pre-test Familiarization Period with the load hook under control in Circle #1 within the five-minute period.
  • The Examiner will notify you when there is one minute remaining.
  • If you are ready in less than five minutes, you may indicate this to the Examiner.
  • If, at the end of the Pre-Test Familiarization Period, you feel you are not ready to take the examination, you should notify the Examiner. You will have, in effect, disqualified yourself from taking the examination at this time, and you will be required to sign to that effect on the Candidate Score Sheet.
  • You may not walk through the test course at any time during any task.

TASK 1: TRUE VERTICAL LIFT

Optimum Time — 2:00 minutes (2:15 minutes for cab-operated cranes with a cab floor higher than 25 ft.)

  • At the Examiner’s indication to start, at which point timing begins, raise the load hook to clear all obstacles and personnel.
  • Bring the load hook from Circle #1 to the Test Weight Circle so that the hook is under control and directly over the center of the Test Weight. You are not allowed to adjust the position of the hook after the Test Weight rigging is attached.
  • When you are ready, indicate to the Proctor to attach the Test Weight rigging. Timing ends once the candidate has verbally indicated that the Test Weight should be connected to the crane hook. You are not allowed to adjust the position of the hook after the rigging is attached to the Test Weight.
  • At the Examiner’s indication, lift the Test Weight until the chain leaves the floor; you are not allowed to bridge or trolley once the Examiner has given the hoist signal.
  • Once the Test Weight chain has left the floor, the Examiner will give you a stop signal, a lower signal, and a stop signal, in that order. You are not allowed to stop hoisting while lowering the Test Weight.
  • Points are deducted for the following:
  • Test Weight touching the ground outside of the 42" circle.
  • Test Weight touching any part of the course.
  • Stopping while lowering Test Weight
  • Exceeding the optimum time.

TASK 2: PLACE LOAD IN CIRCLE #1

Optimum Time - 2:30 minutes (2:45 minutes for cab-operated cranes with a cab floor higher than 25 ft.)

  • At the Examiner’s indication to start, at which point timing begins, raise the suspended Test Weight and chain to a sufficient height to clear all obstacles and personnel. Bring it from its starting position in the Test Weight Circle and place it on the ground completely within Circle #1.
  • The Examiner will give you the stop signal once the Test Weight is under control inside the outer perimeter of the circle.
  • The task is not complete until the Test Weight is placed completely within the outside perimeter of the circle. If the Examiner does not give you a stop signal, this indicates the weight is not within the circle and the task continues to be timed.
  • Points will be deducted for the following:
  • Exceeding the optimum time.
  • Hitting any part of the course.
  • Load touching ground outside of circle.

TASK 3: NEGOTIATE RIGHT ANGLE COORIDOR WITH OBSTRUCTIONS:

Optimum Time: 4:30 minutes (4:45 minutes for cab-operated cranes with a cab floor higher than 25 ft.)

  • At the Examiner’s direction to start, at which point timing begins, lift the Test Weight and guide it from Circle #1 through the Right Angle Corridor. Keep the chain on the ground until any part of the chain has touched or crossed the first line, which is located 4 ft. before the hurdle.
  • Raise the Test Weight and chain over the PVC pole without touching or knocking over the horizontal pole obstruction.
  • Lower the Test Weight within 4 ft. past the obstruction and before the second line, until only the chain is touching the floor.
  • Move the Test Weight along the corridor to the Test Weight Circle without touching the ground with the Test Weight or touching or knocking over any part of the PVC pole barrier.
  • After passing the line that is 4 ft. before the second horizontal PVC pole, raise the Test Weight and chain high enough to clear the horizontal pole obstruction and PVC pole barriers and place the Test Weight within the larger Test Weight Circle.
  • Timing ends with the task completed when you have placed the Test Weight on the ground completely within the outside perimeter of the larger Test Weight Circle and the Examiner has given you a stop signal. If the Examiner has not given you a stop signal, this indicates that the Test Weight is not within the circle and the task continues to be timed.
  • The Examiner will direct you in centering the Test Weight within the smaller circle before detaching the Test Weight from the hook.
  • At the Examiner’s indication, move the crane hook over to the Pin Assembly in readiness for the next task.
  • Points will be deducted for the following:
    • Knocking ball off pole
    • Moving pole base off line
    • Knocking pole over
    • Chain leaving ground outside of designated areas
    • Passing poles with chain off the ground
    • Load touching ground outside of circles
    • Touching or knocking off horizontal bars
    • Circumventing the task
    • Exceeding the optimum time

TASK 4: TROLLEY LAYDOWN

Optimum Time: 2:00 minutes (2:30 minutes for cab-operated cranes with a cab floor higher than 25 ft.)

  • At the Examiner’s direction, position the Chain-and-Ring assembly directly over the pin.
  • The Examiner will then position the chain before beginning Task 4.
  • At the Examiner’s indication to start, at which point timing begins, lay down the master links within the targets.
  • The Examiner will say “Go” when the master links are down and stable, inside or outside the targets.
  • Do not apply excessive side-load pressure that will pop the ring off the pin.
  • Timing ends when the last set of master links has been placed within the third target and is under control.
  • At the Examiner’s direction, bring the load hook to Circle #1 in readiness for the next candidate.
  • Remain in the cab or at the operator’s station until the Examiner gives you a clear indication that you may leave.
  • Return all controls to neutral position and de-energize the runway disconnect or depress the emergency stop button on pendant or remote control units before leaving.
  • Points will be deducted for the following:
    • Master links missing target
    • Ring pops off pin
    • Exceeding the optimum time

POST TEST PROCEDURES

Once you have completed the practical examination:

  • The Examiner will record your performance.
  • The Examiner is not permitted to review your score sheet or discuss your performance on the test.
  • Exam results will be mailed to you within approximately twelve (12) working days of International Assessment Institute’s receipt of the score sheet.
  • For tests on any other cranes you have made formal application to test on, return to the candidate briefing area.
  • If you have completed all of your tests, you must leave the test site.